The Narbonne Gate
East entrance to the citadel of Carcassonne, where you can see the towers of the gate, forming a small defensive fortification in the inner wall. On the bottom left, the access to the drawbridge that allows to cross the pit between the inner and outer walls of the fortress. On the bottom center, the sculpture of Lady Carcas, which can be better seen in a later photo.
Panoramic view of the citadel from the New bridge ("Pont Neuf")
The citadel of Carcassonne over the hill, where you can see the inner and outer walls, as well as the Count’s Castle ("Château Comtal") on the center of the picture. On the right, the Old bridge ("Pont Vieux"), the most direct way to walk to the citadel from the modern city of Carcassonne, unless you’re up for a swim.
West part of the fortress of Carcassonne and the Pyrenees mountain range
On the left is "Rue Avant Porte de l’Aude" (the street in front of Aude Gate) parallel to the wall. In the horizon you can see the silhouette of the Pyrenees mountain range. The street next to the outer wall and the lower tower is the one taken by Robin of Locksley to escape from Nottingham Castle in the movie "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves."
Outer wall of the citadel of Carcassonne
Inner wall of the fortress
The inner wall was originally built by the Roman Empire, and many sections date from the 3rd century. As shown on the picture, many different types of materials were used along centuries of reconstructions.
Bust of Lady Carcas in front of the Narbonne Gate
Entrance to Comtal Castle or the Count's Castle of Carcassonne
The last line of defense in this impregnable fortress, which for centuries was never taken by force. Even nowadays, not even tourists can take it by force and must pay their entrance fee if they are to enter the castle. The castle’s narrow bridge forces any invading force to adopt a disadvantageous line formation, leaving it exposed to attacks from both flanks coming from the defensive towers on the sides of the bridge.
Tower and bridge of Comtal/Count's Castle
The bridge, towers and curtain walls of Count's Castle
In the pit you can see the garden of the Count’s Castle, which can be accessed through the north part of the citadel. This area of Carcassonne was also used in the final scenes of "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves" when Robin and Azeem are catapulted over the wall by Will Scarlett in order to access the barbican of the castle, and obviously to avoid the entrance fee, and then they run along this bridge to attempt and rescue Marian from the Sheriff of Nottingham.
Saint Nazaire basilica
The basilica in the south part of the citadel dates from the 10th century, although the building’s construction was completed in the 12th century. The building combines Romanesque and Gothic styles due to the several modifications and reconstructions, such as the addition of gargoyles, the rose window, the spire or the modification of the apse.
Detail of the capital of a double-arched window of the Cité of Carcassonne
Streets of the medieval citadel of Carcassonne
The towers and drawbridge at the Narbonne Gate
Interior of the Saint Nazaire basilica in the citadel of Carcassonne
This basilica suffered severe damages during the Albigensian crusade, the war of pope Innocent III against the Cathars, and the original Romanesque structure was modified by incorporating Gothic elements, such as the ogival or pointed arches and quadripartite vaults on the picture, creating a particular basilica from an architectural standpoint, which blends both styles.
Quadripartite vault next to the rose window on the basilica's north façade
The walls of the Cité of Carcassonne
Saint-Paul tower of the Count's Castle
Gallo-Roman tower "de la Marquière" next to the Rodez Gate
Tower de la Marquière
Interior courtyard of the Count's Castle
Comtal castle bridge and towers Casernes and Major
Interior of a tower with arrowslits on the south part of the citadel
The modern city of Carcassonne viewed from the medieval city
The Notre-Dame or Rigal tower of the outer wall of the Carcassonne fortress
External view of the Rigal tower or Notre-Dame tower and, on the right, "les lices," also known as palestra, the path between the walls that was frequently used by knights during medieval times as a training ground.
View from the ramparts walk on the inner wall of the citadel
View towards the south of the medieval city up to the Pyrenees, whose snow-covered peaks can be distinguished on the left, and, on the right, the "Grand Brulas" tower of the southwest corner of the outer wall.
Detail of a tower from the Roman period in the inner wall of the Cité of Carcassonne
Detail of a round tower and its scaly-looking cupola
Towers and curtain walls of the Count's Castle
The Count's Castle and the Pinte tower
The Pinte tower of the castle stands out due to its rectangular shape. The original aspect of many of these towers was modified in the 19th century with the addition of cupolas, during the restoration carried out by Viollet-le-Duc. Viollet-le-Duc was criticized at the time for granting a northern look to the castle towers and for not preserving the exact original aspect, but just as it has happened for centuries in the case of the walls, the work on the towers had to be adapted to structural needs and conditions, according to the knowledge and criteria of the period. Nevertheless the variety of towers grant the citadel an original and memorable appearance.
Interior of the Notre-Dame tower in the outer wall of the Cité de Carcassonne
Ramparts walk and merlons of the Notre-Dame tower in the northern outer wall.
Detail of a Gallo-Roman tower in the inner wall
View from the ramparts walk of the inner wall of the Cité of Carcassonne
Each merlon has an arrow slit, which allowed archers to shoot while still protected behind a merlon, instead of exposing themselves to perform the shot between merlons, as was customary in other fortresses.
Carcassonne mural on Trivalle street
A section of the fresco made by Cité Création in 1991 on the wall of Notre-Dame de l’Abbaye on Trivalle street, near the Old Bridge, which depicts scenes from the history of Carcassonne in each of its 11 letters.
Carcassonne mural - Cour d'Amour / Court of Love
The second A letter in Carcassonne, with a depiction of a lady and a knight holding a bird under an elm, resembling a tree of life, and a joust in which the knight battles wearing the colors of his lady. On the right, the first S in Carcassonne, with a creature of demonic or fallen angel appearance.
Detail of a tower of the citadel's wall
Tower "du Coin" on the southwest corner of the inner wall of the citadel, seen from the battlements walk. The tower’s window is a type of window with hinges, known as "Volet à rouleaux", which allowed faraway observation as well as communication with guards on the battlements walk, and furthermore they stayed closed by gravity, protecting from liquid or arrow rain.